Bug Bites in Israel


Summertime is here, and bug bites in Israel can be a bit unique due to being in the Middle East and a part of Asia's continent. Here are some common bug bites, how to identify and treat them, and when to get help.

1.Mosquitos – In the hot, humid areas of Israel, mosquitos are everywhere. Mosquitos are usually present in the early morning and late afternoon to evening hours. Mosquito bites are identified as a single bite surrounded by localized inflammation (a red bump)

The vast majority of mosquitos in Israel are just annoying. However, Culex and Asian tiger mosquitoes are in Israel. These pests are responsible for the West Nile virus. Read here about the outbreak of the West Nile virus.

Prevention: Stay covered as much as possible and use a medically approved repellent on all exposed skin (or even skin-tight clothes) during the hours of mosquito activity. If itchy, apply anti-itch cream to the area. Itching can cause secondary skin infections, which look like the redness is spreading and getting hot and more swollen. Infected mosquito bites may cause cellulitis or an infection of the deeper layer of tissue under the skin. These infections require antibiotics.

2. Spiders - There are two poisonous spiders in Israel: the Black Widow and the Mediterranean Recluse Spider. Spider bites can be identified as two marks a few millimeters apart. A Black Widow bite is generally accompanied by light pains, which the victim doesn’t always feel. The significant reactions occur later, once the venom has spread. The venom contains neurotoxic components which cause muscle cramps, stomach pains, vomiting, sweating, arrhythmia, and a sharp rise in blood pressure. Treatment is symptomatic, and most victims do not require an anti-venom serum.

The Mediterranean Recluse Spider, whose bite is rarely felt, is equipped with a poison that causes tissue necrosis, which can develop hours or even days after the bite. In most cases, only local treatment is required. Some patients will experience a systemic response in 24-72 hours. This includes fever, chills, vomiting, weakness, and kidney injury. This is a rare response. There is no anti-venom serum for a Mediterranean Recluse Spider bite.
Any sign of an infected spider bite requires medical attention at an urgent care facility. Serious effects (rare) of spider bites may require ER evaluation or even admission.

Prevention: Do not reach under stones or branches where spiders may be hiding. When camping, take great care when you wake up, check the tent and the sleeping bag, and shake clothes and shoes (outside the tent) before putting them on. Taking these preventative measures will hopefully help you avoid any dangerous situations.

3. Sand Flies - These nocturnal mosquito-like insects are active and bite from dusk to dawn and are often found in forests, stone and mud walls, cracks, and animal burrows. They are most active from June through October. They are very tiny silent flyers – they do not hum – and their bite might go unnoticed. In Israel, they are mainly found in the Jordan Valley, parts of the Shomron, Galilee, Arava, Negev desert, and Beit She’an area.
The sandflies are carriers of Leishmaniasis, which they contract from dogs, rodents, especially the rock hyrax (a protected, endangered species in Israel), and other wild animals. Leishmaniasis Disease can be a severe illness resulting in skin ulcers, fever, enlarged spleen, and/or damage to the liver. Treatment can be up to a year and includes skin ointments and strong antibiotics. 

Prevention: In high-risk areas, stay inside in the evening hours. If outside, use an insect repellant, including the face area. Open windows at night only if there is a screen. Avoid areas where rock hyraxes live at night. Use air conditioners and fans at night, and wear long loose clothes.

EMA Care wishes you a bug bite-free visit to Israel!


Stay Informed

When you subscribe to the blog, we will send you an e-mail when there are new updates on the site so you wouldn't miss them.

EMA Care Client Needs Help
Israel : Vaccination Update

Our Latest Blogs

25 June 2023
Medical Checklist for Gap Year Students It's probably safe to say that the Gap year packing list your child received did not include a medical supplies checklist. There are many reasons to give your kids some medical supplies and medicines before the...
31 October 2021
You have decided to make your Aliyah and currently take prescription medications. How can you continue with your medication regimen in Israel? How can you ensure that your medications are available in Israel and how do you communicate the need for th...
17 October 2021
During the Coronavirus pandemic, many people have been worried about the upcoming Flu season. But to everyone’s surprise, the numbers in the southern hemisphere were the lowest they have been in a long time. “Never in my 40-year career have we ever s...

EMA Care in the News

05 September 2021
Medical Care during the Holidays can be tricky in Israel especially if you do not speak Hebrew. During the holidays, many medical offices and hospitals are operating on Shabbat mode. Shabbat mode means that personnel is cut to minimum staffing, many ...
19 July 2021
Over the years, we've been approached by people who've asked us about different kinds of diets and food plans. Intermittent fasting has become very popular over the last few years. It is a method of dieting that restricts the amount of time you are a...
11 July 2021
 Telemedicine is a great option for caring for geriatric populations in Israel. This is especially true during the Covid-19 pandemic. Over the years, we’ve had many clients who care for their older, dependent parents. Take our clients, the A fam...

What Our Clients Say

Our COVID-19 WhatsApp informational group

Thank you so much for your help. I can't tell you how this Whatsapp group helps all of us. It makes everyone so much more relaxed to have real good information and have somewhere to ask questions, I am so grateful!

Our COVID-19 WhatsApp informational group

I want to express my appreciation for these very informative updates.

Thank you so much


Entry to Israel services

Your team was so attentive to my needs. Everyone was so incredibly quick to respond and were proactive when they were able!


Interview with Dr. Mobeen & Dr. Eliana Aaron

Many thanks for your hour-long session on Dr. Syed's YouTube channel. This is the best Hasbara Israel could wish for!


EMA Care information and Q&A conference

Thank you for the zoom (and all your updates). It was great. I wish the news was like that. Straight forward, factual, unemotional.  Bravo to both of you ladies!! 


EMA Care information and Q&A conference

Thanks so much for your time and attention! It was excellent! Thank you guys so much for organizing.


EMA Care information and Q&A conference

Thank you! Very helpful and comprehensive.


WhatsApp groups

I really appreciate being apart of your WhatsApp groups. It keeps me informed and up to date!


Ema Care WhatsApp groups

I have been following your updates closely and I really appreciate your posts and I know that I am reading accurate information 


Recommended by an Infectious Disease Specialist

My experience with Ema Care has been so positive that I wanted to share it in case it could help someone else. Eight days ago my daughter, a Shanah Bet student, called to say she wasn’t feeling well and had symptoms of Covid-19. I was put in touch with an Infectious Disease specialist who recommended Ema Care. I reached Dr. Eliana Aaron easily and signed my daughter up. The next morning, Ema Care gave my daughter a telehealth exam and provided her with prescriptions, as well as a list of